Overactive Bladder (OAB), also known as urge incontinence, is characterized as a strong and sudden urge to urinate due to bladder spasms or contractions. This condition is a common disease, which increases in prevalence with age. In the United States approximately 16.9% of women, and 16.0% of men have reported symptoms of OAB. The condition may have a significant impact on a patient’s quality of life and activities of daily living.
The symptoms of OAB are frequent urination, urgency to urinate, and a sudden need to urinate followed by leakage or involuntary and complete emptying of the bladder. Symptoms of OAB occur when the bladder muscle contracts as if to empty the bladder regardless of any actual need. This may be caused by a dysfunction of the muscle itself or the nerves communicating to or from the bladder. OAB symptoms can also occur in association with other conditions that affect the nervous system.
Some bladder control conditions can be treated with exercise, electrical stimulation, biofeedback, medication and even surgery. OAB, which is due to the actions of an involuntary muscle, may not respond to many of these treatment types. There are medications, however, that work to decrease the bladder muscle’s overactivity.
One in four women in their 30’s, 40’s and 50’s has experienced urinary incontinence, the involuntary leakage of urine from the bladder. Most forms of urinary incontinence have physical causes that can be treated at any age. A variety of treatments exist to control the overactive bladder muscle, but not all treatments work the same. Clinical research continues to identify potential new treatments for OAB.
South Florida Medical Research is currently conducting a clinical trial for Overactive bladder. For more information about the study please contact our offices at:
21150 Biscayne Blvd., Suite 300
Aventura, FL 33180